On the right track
Local group asks train to go green, and owner opens door
The 416 Fire didn’t just burn forest in Hermosa Creek, it also ignited tensions in the community.
The blaze forced the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad, the San Juan National Forest and several local businesses to shut down – some for weeks. Lingering smoke hazards and dry conditions prompted trail closures and event cancellations.
The entire region took a brutal hit, right at the peak of tourist season. Initial estimates are that the Durango community lost $30 million this June in revenue due to the 416 Fire, and some wonder if Silverton will ever recover.
The official cause of it all is still “unknown,” leaving locals to find their own answers. And, many blame the train for starting the fire.
Some residents have even shouted “Down with the train!” But the truth is the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad is key to Durango’s and Silverton’s economies, bringing in an estimated $200 million annually to the Southwest.
“The train is really valuable to us ... but we’ve got to do it in a different way,” Rachel Landis, who’s helping to coordinate a new citizen group called Save the City, Green the Train, said.
While many understand the financial impact the train has, they are still wanting to move away from coal-powered locomotives. Discussions over dinner on the topic and email chains between friends slowly started to morph into a group of concerned citizens who wondered if change was possible.
“I think it was in response to the fire and how much emotion our community had around that,” Landis said of the group’s origin.
Members of Save the City, Green the Train have only had a couple informal meetings, and the group is still finding its legs. During their most recent meeting, they looked to solidify some concrete goals before requesting time with Al Harper, owner of the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad.
“If they want to come in and really look for ideas,” Harper said, “I’m happy to talk to them.”
Landis, who’s also the director of The Good Food Collective and a board member for La Plata Electric Association, said she understands both sides of the issue.
She’s ridden the train with children and watched them light up from the experience. She knows how the train connects many of its riders with the mountains and the environment in the Southwest.
But, she also rides her bike by the train yard – and right through the plumes of coal-filled smoke.
“Our position is supporting the train, but doing it in a way that mitigates fire hazard,” she explained.
Since the Green the Train group first met in early July, Harper has taken steps toward addressing fire mitigation. He plans to spend about $6 million to purchase three new trains – two diesel and one that runs on oil – and a new building to house them.
The new diesel trains will have the capability to make the long climb to Silverton, something Harper’s existing diesel can’t do. He’s purchased them from a company in South Carolina, and hopes to have them on the tracks before next year’s busy tourist season. The oil train will be built by retrofitting an existing train in the railyard, and it’s expected to be finished by May.
“I’ll probably do two more if the oil-burner works,” Harper said. “We don’t know (how it will go), it’s not been done before.”
All three of the new additions to Harper’s fleet will be able to run when the area is suffering from extreme drought conditions, like the ones the Southwest was experiencing when the 416 Fire ignited on June 1.
“I’ll use the coal when we’re not having high fire risk,” he added.
Harper said he’s looking at every alternative to meet the changing times, but it’s going to take time and money – a lot of money.
“The truth of the matter is there are no quick funds,” he explained. “I used my family’s credit and borrowed $5 million bucks.”
Those loans will be used to add the three new trains for next summer, but purchasing or retrofitting more trains will take even more funding.
If Harper and the Save the City, Green the Train citizen group decide to work together, it wouldn’t be a first. He worked with locals back in 2010 to improve the train’s coal emissions with a group called the Train Smoke Mitigation Task Force.
The coal-fired train engines need to keep warm overnight so they’re ready to go in the morning, but the soot and ash from the smoldering coal would linger over nearby neighborhoods. In an effort to address the issue, the task force was created with help from the City of Durango and Region 9 Economic Development District.
Made up of residents on the city’s south side, train representatives and others, they looked at ways to reduce the soot, ash and lingering smoke.
As a result, trains were fitted with filtration systems and wood pellets were added to the smoldering coals to reduce emissions by about 60 percent, according to Harper.
He said the task force worked together and it went very well – maybe it could happen again.
“I encourage (the Green the Train group) to come talk to me,” Harper said. “I always have my door open.”