What Aspen can teach us
'Greedheads' can't be stopped, but they can be pressured to do the right thing

What Aspen can teach us

A bus for the Aspen area's Roaring Fork Transit Authority. Despite often being maligned for out-pricing locals, Aspen has done right by its working class by providing affordable or deed-restricted workforce housing and providing mass transit to down-valley bedroom communities./ Courtesy photo

Jacob Richards / Writers on the Range - 05/30/2024

Back in the ’90s, when writer Hunter S. Thompson held court at the Woody Creek Tavern just outside of Aspen, he’d often rail against the “greedheads.”

I grew up in Aspen, and sometimes my dad took me there to look at all the dollar bills on the wall. He made sure a picture of me and my first bull elk joined pictures in the bar of ski bums in head-to-toe denim.

Nowadays the bills are $100s, and the pictures on the walls look like fashion shoots. What would Hunter Thompson think? Likely that the greedheads had won. Most of the West’s resort towns have undergone something of an Aspenification, and that includes Aspen’s bedroom communities of Basalt, Carbondale, Glenwood Springs and Rifle that send workers to the ski lifts and restaurants.

When I was young, my family bounced around Aspen-area trailer parks and even lived in the office of a horse stable at the base of Aspen Highlands Ski Resort. The cabin had no running water, and the only heat was a wood stove. We would sled down the hill hanging on to our groceries and water jugs.

When I was 8, my mom was able to buy a deed-restricted condo in Aspen. Even then, we needed to add a roommate to afford our 740-square-foot, two-bedroom apartment, one of us sleeping on the daybed in the living room.

Richards

Dad called it “condo-bondage,” and a love of horses, hunting and open spaces pushed him down-valley before he settled in Silt, over an hour from Aspen. 

I spent my middle school years there, living with my dad in the early 1990s, and it felt like a different world. Decades later, I remember the first Sotheby’s “for sale” sign outside of a ranch near Silt. 

A feeling of dread swept over me. The same dread I felt as a senior in Aspen High School with a job, basic math skills and a sinking realization that I couldn’t afford to live in my hometown. I thought, “My dentist commutes from over 70 miles away, how could I afford to live here?” 

Twenty years ago, I moved to Grand Junction, a historically blue-collar town, the biggest in Western Colorado with 65,000 people. Now, even humble Grand Junction is undergoing Aspenification despite being over two hours from the glitz of Telluride or Aspen. 

It’s a long way from the town’s history of milling uranium and then stashing its tailings – still containing high amounts of radioactivity – along the Colorado River, not to mention meth epidemics and an ongoing homelessness crisis. 

But these days, you can ride a zip line across the Colorado River, rent an electric scooter or buy a luxury condo downtown, built by Aspen-based developers.

The downsides of this Aspenification are hard to ignore. A 2019 study found that the Grand Valley surrounding Grand Junction was short some 3,736 units of affordable housing. Since then, housing costs and homelessness have both risen about 45%, according to Grand Junction Housing Manager Ashley Chambers.

“Seniors are getting creamed, service workers are getting creamed, and it’s adding to the homelessness crisis,” Scott Beilfuss, Grand Junction City Councilman, said. 

“If we remain a healthcare, service and retail-based economy, wages will never catch up with housing costs,” Beilfuss said. “This has consequences for the entire Western Slope.”  

But here’s what I’ve learned from growing up in Aspen. The perpetrator of this rural transformation has lessons to teach us. The town has run a robust and affordable housing program for years, and a recent study found that two-thirds of occupied housing units in Aspen were affordable. 

Additionally, Aspen has long invested in a world-class public transit system, so workers can commute from miles away.

There are glitches. My mother, who still lives in her deed-restricted condo, learned that her basement often fills with leach water collected from Aspen’s toxic mining heritage. Clean-up estimates are $10 million – a sum she and the 79 other households can’t begin to afford. 

What Aspen’s success teaches us is that the greedheads can’t be stopped, but they can be pressured to build or subsidize affordable housing, something that’s in the resort town’s interest.

Aspen also shows us that communities downstream need to organize to fight for affordable housing. And they need to stay organized, because the greedheads would rather fight you every step of the way. 

Jacob Richards is a contributor to Writers on the Range, writersontherange.org, an independent nonprofit dedicated to spurring lively conversation about the West. He is a writer and guide in Grand Junction. 

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